A term which is feared by many when they visit their doctors. Some symptoms of this disease include fatigue, numbness in the body and muscle weaknesses. It is also frightening as it is difficult to envision how Multiple Sclerosis (MS) will progress in an individual. MS is a neurological condition.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological chronic disease which attacks the central nervous system. It affects various parts of the body such as the brain, spinal cord, and even optic nerves, which can sometimes lead to loss of vision in some cases. MS happens when the brain is unable to send signals effectively and efficiently to the body, and each individual experience different amount of difficulty with living a fulfilling life, some requiring assistance for basic daily tasks.
Essentially, what happens for sufferers with Multiple Sclerosis is that the immune system attacks myelin (the substance which surrounds and protects nerve fibers), causing demyelination which leads to nerve damage. The heartening fact is that this is rarely a deadly disease, just one that is extremely costly to treat.
There is no cure for the disease and physicians and researchers are unable to predict how the disease will progress. Treatment can however, alleviate certain symptoms which come with the disease.
Is Multiple Sclerosis transmissible?
As the disease is not very known in terms of research and cause, scientists and researchers have not been able to establish any potential hypothesis on whether human to human transmission for MS is possible.
What causes Multiple Sclerosis?
Scientists have not been able to identify the root cause for MS. There is however, some claims that people with certain genes might be more susceptible to the peril of MS. Though there is some study between viruses and MS, there is no clear relationship identified with existing studies.
How can we fight against Multiple Sclerosis?
Fighting against MS is a combination of both personal effort and medication. Some medication such as Beta interferons, Copaxone, Gilenya and others help to either slow down the progression of MS or assist with mitigation of nerve damages. Having regular exercises and keeping a steady state in terms of emotional and mental health is also important to fight against the disease.
After looking at the various incurable diseases, one thing that has repeatedly came up is the importance of exercise and a healthy diet. While waiting for true cures to emerge, sufferers of incurable conditions should continue to face the disease head on with knowledge and not be fearful of the disease which plagues them.